קונצרטים לעוגב | עוגבים | עמותת חובבי העוגב בישראל | Sepulcher 2

Liturgical Organ of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher

 Organ n. 2  

The first organ known to be at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher dates from the 17th century, purchased in Venice in 1615 by the custodian of the Holy Land, Basilio Caprarola. It seems that the use of the organ for liturgical needs by the Roman Catholic Church always clashed with the energetic opposition of the Christian Orthodox Church.

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Numerous witnesses report that in the 17th and 18th century the Greek Orthodox Church appealed numerous times to the Pacha of Jerusalem (the town was then under Turkish domination) asking them to forbid the Roman Catholics the use of this instrument, claiming that they converted the Church of the Holy Sepulchry into a place of comedies and shows! The pachas seem to have reacted in a very positive manner: they asked that an organ be brought and played before them, and when this was done, they liked the music and forbade disturbing the organists. However, the Greek Orthodox Church had apparently won the cause in 1756, because it managed to prevent the installation of an organ of great dimensions especially made in Jerusalem by two Spanish Franciscan brothers for the Holy Sepulcher. Since then, several organs must have followed each other without an extant record of them.
The current organ is installed in the right transept of the church (the Saint Mary Madeleine Chapel) and is used to accompany the daily liturgy. The organ is the property of the General Custodianship of the Holy Land. It was constructed in 1969 by the Italian firm Giovanni Tamburini de Crema (Cremona). As there was insufficient space to house the organ case on the balcony above the chapel, and one part of the organ having been damaged by rain, a second case was installed, through the care of Father D. Taboada, on the gallery extending the balcony. Some pipes were placed in a small cubbyhole closed by a wooden door. The opening and closing of the swell shutters and of this door occurs by means of long sliding wooden arms. The console is placed in front of this same tiny gallery. Next to it is a modern console installed by Rieger which allows simultaneous playing on the two organs of the church. The principal organ case is made of dark oak with no adornments. It is visible from below and contains the Great. Principal 8' is on the facade. The second organ case itself is also visible from below.
The position of the organ cases on the balcony and the gallery makes the access to the pipes extremely difficult, especially to those on the first keyboard, which explains why they are usually out of tune.

 Disposition      28 stops
 

First Manual (Great) 61 notes

Principale 8'
Flauto a Camino 8'
Ottava 4'
Bordone 8'
Decimaquinta 2'
Corno Camoscio 8'
Decimanona 1 1/3'
Quintadena 4'
Ripieno V
Voce Humana 8'

Second Manual (Swell) enclosed

Bordone 8'
Flauto armonico 4'
Violetta 8'
Nazardo 2 2/3'
Corno Camoscio 8' ( from Great)
Flautino 2'
Principale 4'
Terza 1 1/3'
Ottava 2'
Viola Celeste 8'
Ripieno (mixture stop) 1 1/3' - 1'
Tremulant

Pedal radial 32 notes

Principale 16'
Quintadecima 4'
Bordone 16'
Ripieno (mixture stop) 2 2/3' - 2'
Ottava 8'
Corno 4'
Flauto  tappato  8'

Couplers   II/I II/P, I/P, including
4' option for II-P, I-P, II-I, I-I, II-II and 16' for II/1 and II/II

Tutti Pedal
Ripieno I to Pedal
Ripieno II to Pedal
Pedale Aumentatore (crescendo) with a volume indicator
All stops off
Pleno Pedal (PP)

Transposing device

Free general pistons 5
Prearranged general pistons 5

  
Electric keyboard and stop action